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Today, we continue talking about public speaking, centering on the physical message of presentation. Some call this ‘body language.’ Charles LeBeau is an author and professor of public speaking. Mr. LeBeau tells VOA that body language includes posture, eye contact and gestures – how you move your hands or arms. He says that many non-native presenters have problems with these things because they are nervous. How a speaker moves is important. Whole-body movement should be slow and planned to command attention and communicate confidence. Public speakers know that they should look at the audience while they speak. But some look at their notes on a paper or on a screen. This can cause a big problem because they can have trouble with eye contact. Charles LeBeau says the best way to avoid this problem is to use images and few words for notes, instead of sentences. Holding on to notes also makes it more difficult for a speaker to gesture naturally. Mr. LeBeau discusses this in his book, “Speaking of Speech.” He says gestures should support the point the speaker is making. For example, when talking about three ideas, hold up three fingers to introduce them. Another important part of public speaking is practice. Try to remember this advice about the physical message: Be aware of your posture, eye contact, and gestures. Record yourself using a phone, tablet, or camera. Watch yourself and plan what you will do to improve. Then find another opportunity to speak and gain more experience.