Phát âm chuẩn cùng VOA – Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Russia Ruble Woes (VOA)

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The value of Russia’s money recently dropped by 20 percent in one day. The ruble soon regained some of its value compared to the dollar. However, the decreasing value of Russia’s money has raised fears in Moscow of rising prices. Russia’s central bank has increased interest rates to 17 percent in an effort to support the value of the money. Russian officials are seeking help from some of the country’s biggest companies. In December, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev met with the heads of export businesses including the energy companies Roseneft and Gazprom. He urged exporters to sell their foreign currency earnings, rather than save them, in an effort to support Russia’s currency. Not everyone is hurt by the ruble’s decrease. Russian exporters are paid in foreign currency and can make gains when the ruble’s value is low. Importers, however, suffer the most when their currency decreases in value because foreign goods cost them more. Russians looking for goods at stores in Moscow are buying them up because they are expecting price increases.
Financial experts say the ruble’s drop in value not only affects what buyers pay for goods. It also makes it more difficult for Russian companies to pay foreign debts. This has caused concern that some Russian companies might not make their debt payments. Falling oil prices, and Western restrictions over Russia’s actions in Ukraine are some of the reasons that the ruble’s value has dropped.

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