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From VOA Learning English, this is the Science Report. Israel knows how to deal with drought, the lack of water. The small country has experienced dry weather conditions and water shortages for many years. California is in the fourth year of a drought. So a Jewish group proposed a conference to show Californians what technology, knowledge and support Israelis have to offer. Barry Broad is head of the Sacramento Jewish Federation. He says the meeting was a product of Sacramento’s Sister City relationship with the Israeli city of Ashkelon. In California, many people pay a flat rate for their water. They pay the same amount, whether they use a lot of water or very little. Israel treats water differently. Eilon Adar is director of the Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research at Ben-Gurion University in the Negev desert. He says water is considered a national resource, like oil or natural gas. The Israel Water Authority sets the price of water. Mr. Adar says that the more water someone uses, the more they must pay. He says he thinks this is the key for success. Israel has five desalination plants in operation. They remove salt from sea water so it can be drunk and used to cook and clean clothes. More than half of the water for homes, farms and businesses comes from this desalination process. A desalination plant will soon begin operating in California. Mr. Adar says the biggest barrier to solving California’s long-term water problem may have more to do with politics than technology. He says farmers, property owners and water companies must work together to save water.