Phát âm chuẩn cùng VOA – Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Ethiopia child hunger (VOA)

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Education Report.

A new study shows that child hunger costs Ethiopia billions of dollars a year in economic losses. The research showed that in 2009 the country lost an estimated $4.7 billion because its children do not get enough to eat. That is equal to 16.5 percent of its gross domestic product. The report says poor nutrition has slowed growth and development in two of every five children in Ethiopia. And it says 80 percent of malnourished children do not get treatment. The African Union Commission, the United Nations World Food Program and Ethiopian government agencies did the study. The research shows that malnutrition causes more than 20 percent of child deaths in Ethiopia. And the report notes that the deaths have reduced the number of working people in the country by eight percent.

Elizabeth Byrs is a World Food Program official. She says the study estimates that Ethiopia could reduce losses by $12.5 billion by 2025 if it reduces underweight rates to five percent and stunting to 10 percent. The report says underdeveloped, or stunted, children in early education repeat grades more than non-stunted children. In addition, stunted children in Ethiopia are more likely to leave school before completing their education. Ms. Byrs said the effects of stunting do not end with childhood. Stunting can have lifelong effects. For example, adults are generally smaller so they are less likely to get jobs that require a lot of physical labor. The report says nearly 70 percent of adults in Ethiopia suffered from stunting as children. The Ethiopian government recently launched a National Nutrition Program to provide food and vitamins to young children from birth through age five.

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