Phát âm chuẩn – Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Brazil Spending Cuts (VOA)

Published on 02/12/2015

Học tiếng Anh hiệu quả, nhanh chóng: http://www.facebook.com/HocTiengAnhVOA, http://www.voatiengviet.com/section/hoc-tieng-anh/2693.html. Nếu không vào được VOA, xin hãy vào http://vn3000.com để vượt tường lửa. Các chương trình học tiếng Anh miễn phí của VOA (VOA Learning English for Vietnamese) có thể giúp bạn cải tiến kỹ năng nghe và phát âm, hiểu rõ cấu trúc ngữ pháp, và sử dụng Anh ngữ một cách chính xác. Xem thêm: http://www.facebook.com/VOATiengViet

Luyện nghe nói và học từ vựng tiếng Anh qua video. Xem các bài học kế tiếp: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLD7C5CB40C5FF0531

Brazil is seeking to reduce a budget deficit that led to a drop in the country’s credit rating. The government announced spending cuts and tax increases totaling almost $17 billion in September. Officials said they plan to bring back the CPMF, a tax on financial transactions. The government hopes to raise more than $8 billion next year if Congress accepts the tax. However, many lawmakers oppose the measure. Other proposed cuts would reduce government aid for farmers, infrastructure improvements and pay for government employees. Public health and low-cost housing programs could also face cuts. The government reduced tax subsidies for the chemical industry. It also reduced aid for exporters of manufactured goods and raised taxes on capital gains, profits from sales of investments. Some are calling for the president to resign. Economists have said the expected savings look promising. However, the speaker of Brazil’s lower house of Congress said there is not enough support to approve the CPMF tax. The head of Brazil’s Senate said deeper cuts are needed before Congress will agree to more taxes. The government is closing 10 ministries to save money. Also, the proposed reduction in public health and housing spending will be difficult for supporters of President Rousseff. Brazil recently lost its high credit rating. Standard & Poor’s no longer considers the country’s debt securities as investment grade.

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