Phát âm chuẩn cùng VOA – Anh ngữ đặc biệt: BASIC 50th (VOA-Tech)

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May 1st marked the 50th anniversary of a special computer language. It was created to permit college students to use computers. At the time, computer owners were mainly governments, businesses and universities. Programmers wrote commands in complex mathematical expressions to operate these early computers. John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz were professors in the mathematics department at Dartmouth College. They wanted all students to be able to use their school’s computer. So they developed a simpler set of computer commands called Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, or BASIC. They said they made the code without many of the technical details used in other languages. Mr. Kurtz says soon almost everyone at Dartmouth College began using computers. BASIC was a major step toward the development of personal computers. Peggy Kidwell is the Curator of Mathematics at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. She says BASIC was created just as computers became fast enough to perform many commands at the same time. She said it helped develop the idea that just about anyone could use a computer. Mr. Kurtz and Mr. Kemeny released BASIC to the public for free. Many improved versions of BASIC followed along with the speedy development of computers. Code writers soon created other easy to use computer languages. Today, few people use BASIC. But personal computers owe their existence to the first programming language that anyone could speak.

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