Phát âm chuẩn – Anh ngữ đặc biệt: How Competitive is Your Country? (VOA)

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The Swiss-based World Economic Forum has released its latest Global Competitiveness Report. The report rated Switzerland as the world’s most competitive country for the seventh year. Next on the list were Singapore and the United States. Others among the top 10 were Germany, Netherlands, Japan, Hong Kong, Finland, Sweden, and Britain. The report said countries need to accept reforms to improve productivity. They also need to support entrepreneurs—people who start new businesses. Most countries report economic growth. But growth is weaker than before the 2008 financial crisis. The report warns that some developing countries that fail to compete enough will not be able to deal with future economic shocks. Margareta Drzeniek-Hanouz is with the World Economic Forum. She says digital technology in machinery and manufacturing is important worldwide. But, it is the “human factor” that is critical to competitiveness, she says. That means education and flexibility of the labor market. The 2015-2016 report used 12 groupings to rate nations. These include roads and other infrastructure, health and primary education, business sophistication and innovation. The report says the larger emerging markets are making little progress in competitiveness. The exceptions are India and South Africa. The report says China ranked 28th. But, it says China’s failure to move up in the rankings shows the country is facing some difficult economic issues.

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