Phát âm chuẩn cùng VOA – Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Year Ender Oil Price-Drop (VOA)

Học tiếng Anh hiệu quả, nhanh chóng:, Nếu không vào được VOA, xin hãy vào để vượt tường lửa. Các chương trình học tiếng Anh miễn phí của VOA (VOA Learning English for Vietnamese) có thể giúp bạn cải tiến kỹ năng nghe và phát âm, hiểu rõ cấu trúc ngữ pháp, và sử dụng Anh ngữ một cách chính xác. Xem thêm:

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Econ: Luyện nghe nói tiếng Anh qua video: Chương trình học tiếng Anh của VOA: Special English Economics Report. Xin hãy vào để xem các bài kế tiếp.

Twenty-fourteen was a year of several economic surprises. First is the unexpected drop in the price of oil that began in June. The price drop has helped some countries, while hurting others. Increased American oil production is one reason for the drop in world oil prices. Experts say slowing economies in China and Europe have reduced demand for oil. Japan’s economy also slowed and then went into recession. Increasing supply and decreasing demand usually result in falling prices. In the past, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC, has reacted to price drops by decreasing production. But this year that did not happen. The huge drop in the price of oil this year helped create another major story: Russia’s slowing economy. Russian officials said they expect the country’s economy to shrink in 2015, or go into recession. The exchange rate for Russia’s currency, the ruble, has dropped sharply against the dollar. In mid-December, the European Union agreed to increase sanctions against Russia. But the U.S. economy was strengthening this year. The Department of Commerce says the U.S. economy grew at a rate of 5 percent from July to September. Also 2014 saw the Dow Jones Industrial Index, a widely reported stock market measure, climbed above 18,000 for the first time. Also for the first time ever, a woman, Janet Yellen, was confirmed as head the U.S. central bank. December brought a major surprise: President Barack Obama announced an end to sanctions against Cuba. The change in policy will permit increased trade and financial dealings between the two countries.

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