Phát âm chuẩn – Anh ngữ đặc biệt: Countries Compete for Oil in the Arctic (VOA)

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Russia, the United States and other countries are rushing to control the Arctic. The northern area is rich in natural resources. Russia has claimed a large part of the Arctic to develop resources, including oil. President Barack Obama recently approved drilling in an area under U.S. control. The project was the idea of the Shell Oil Company. Bill Arnold, a professor who once worked for Shell Oil Company, just returned from his latest fishing trip to Alaska. He says he is very interested in preserving the beauty of Alaska. And Mr. Arnold says he believes that new energy resources can be developed without harming nature. But many environmentalists disagree. They are against U.S. oil company projects in the Arctic, and they are not satisfied with President Obama’s decision. The Arctic has become more accessible because polar ice is melting. Many scientists say climate change is causing the ice to melt. Climate change, they say, results from the use of fossil fuels, like oil for vehicles. Mr. Arnold says studies have shown the Arctic has a lot of oil. He says it holds about 25 percent of the undiscovered oil and natural gas. Half of the Arctic area lies next to Russian territory. Russia sees the Arctic as important for its energy production. Mr. Arnold says Russia has a major military presence in the area. The United States, he points out, has a much smaller presence in the Arctic.

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